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Naval Postgraduate School
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Desert areas cover approximately one-fifth of the Earth, making it important to understand how disturbance affects arid regions on a spectral level. Remote sensing technology can be used to detect and characterize surface disturbance both literally (visually) and non-literally (analytically). Non-literal approaches may even allow detection of anthropogenic-related surface disturbances that are not visible in individual images or color composites. This is achievable through identification of...
Topics: spectral unmixing, mixture-tuned match filter, biological soil crusts, desert soils, hyperspectral
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis presents a new technique for loop pipelining of perfectly-nested for-loop structures which is designed to optimize loop execution on VLIW machines. Previously implemented loop pipelining techniques provide limited performance because they explicitly include the constraints imposed by a loop's cyclic dependences in their loop pipelining process. Some loop pipelining techniques have also ignored the realistic constraint of finite resource availability in the creation of final...
Topics: Loop pipelining, Inter-iteration initiative interval, Modulo scheduling, Data dependence graph,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Aanitra, Mohammed
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This thesis focuses on the evolution of the Moroccan economy. It also looks at how the implementation of the Structural Adjustment Program delayed decentralization and how its success led to privatization that resulted in improved performance of the economy. During the first decades after the independence, the Moroccan economy made considerable strides. The intervention of the government was essential and, as a result, the GDP averaged 5.6% in 1968- 72 and 7.5% in 1973-77. Investment expanded...
Topics: Morocco, Decentralization, Structural adjustment program, Privatization, Emerging markets
Communication problems exist for English as a second language (ESL) personnel in Recruit Training Commands and Navy work places. Good English language programs could improve the communication problems in the training environment and in the work place by providing language instruction right after enlistment. In this study, the adequacy of the existing ESL training programs in the Navy and other ESL training programs currently used in the military is determined. The ESL training programs offered...
Topics: ESL training in the Army, ESL training programs in civilian industry, English language training...
Uganda’s location in a region plagued by armed conflict entails ongoing security challenges. The situation becomes even more complicated when the various armed groups/insurgencies enjoy the breakdown of security, limited governance, and lack of control of vast territories where they operate. This thesis examines the role of ungoverned spaces and how they facilitate the survival of terrorist groups in Africa. It further seeks to evaluate policy prescriptions available to ameliorate the problem...
Topics: Ungoverned spaces, Uganda, LRA, terrorism, counterterrorism, Al-Shabaab, AQIM, Boko Haram,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abbas, Malik Naseem
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It is a universal phenomenon that the socio-economic progress of a state is significantly dependent upon the performance of the energy sector, as the energy sector drives the engine of growth and development in agricultural, industrial, and defense sectors, in addition to impacting domestic users. In Pakistan, the increasing gap between the demand for, and the supply of, energy has brought economic progress to a standstill. A number of industries have been closed due to this increasing gap,...
Topics: energy crisis, energy security, gas pipelines, governance, coal, economy, resources, policies, oil...
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has ruled India since 2014. After assuming power, the BJP attempted to implement its Hindu nationalist agenda and targeted minorities, trying to push India from liberal, secular democracy toward majoritarian, ethnic democracy. Efforts by India’s civil society, including the media and judiciary, to resist the BJP’s agenda have been met with legal retribution and violence. However, it remains unclear what BJP’s domination of India’s national parliament...
Topics: Hindu nationalist extremism, undermining democratic institutions
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abbas, Wael; Schneider, Zoltan
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In international relations literature, there seems to be some confusion caused by the many contradictory theories on alliance formation patterns. For this reason, this thesis surveys why there is not just one theory that explains most of the alliance formations throughout history. Using logistic regression models and statistical analysis for different historical periods from 1816 to 2012, the thesis explores the effects of four state-level variables—regime type, national material...
Topics: alliance formation, historical periods, geographical proximity, trade exchange, regime type,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abbott, Ann Grayson; Busch, Mona R.
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A primary concern in the development of large-scale, real-time, complex, computer-intensive systems is ensuring that the system meets the specified requirements. Further, the requirements themselves evolve and undergo many changes during the development process. In such a context, it is essential to maintain traceability of requirements to various outputs to ensure that the systems meets the current set of requirements. An empirical study, utilizing focus group and protocol analysis techniques,...
Topics: Computer systems, Development, Traceability, protocol analysis, focus groups, linkages
Naval Postgraduate School
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The threat of a large fleet engagement in the open ocean is currently over shadowed by the asymmetric challenges presented by state and non-state actors using the littorals for illicit purposes. Unlike traditional multi-mission combatants, the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) is a focused mission platform significantly less capable of handling simultaneous missions, whether they are planned or not. However, when deploying LCS as a squadron, a Combatant Commander may select to equip multiple LCS...
Topics: Littoral combat ships, United States, Fast attack craft
By focusing on the case of Chechnya, this thesis analyzes how transnational jihadists gain influence in nationalist movements. Chechens united to support the separatist cause during the 1994 Russian invasion of Chechnya. However, after the first Russo-Chechen War, the new Chechen president was unable to unite the Chechen elites, and rebel field commanders sought patronage elsewhere, particularly with groups connected to transnational jihadist networks. This thesis argues that the...
Topics: Chechnya, Palestine, transnational jihad, foreign fighter, social movement theory, civil war,...
In 2008, consistent with past practice, the Phoenix Urban Area began a collaborative process to establish three All Hazards Incident Management Teams (AHIMT) with a three-year timeline for project completion. In 2013, one team is functional and the other two AHIMT are not yet deployable. This research constitutes a case study of the 2008 Phoenix AHIMT process, and seeks to identify challenges and obstacles to collaboration. The findings of this case study of collaboration in the Phoenix Urban...
Topics: Collaboration, All Hazards Incident Management Teams (AHIMT), Incident Management Teams (IMT),...
The U.S. Coast Guard has deployed several hundred port patrol vessels to protect U.S. Navy ships and other high-value assets in ports world-wide. Each vessel has an armed crew of four, is relatively fast, and features a simple surface search radar, radios, and a machine gun. These vessels coordinate surveillance patrols in groups of two or four, perhaps working with shorebased radar. We seek to advantageously position these vessels, and perhaps shore-based radar too, to minimize the probability...
Topics: Fast attack craft, Prevention, Maritime terrorism, United States, Harbor police, California, Long...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The question of the relationship between the teachings of Islam and the principles of democracy is, undoubtedly, one of the most pressing issues facing the Muslim world today. The principles of elected rulers, consultative bodies, accountability, tolerance, and the rule of law are not alien or new to Islam. The purpose of this thesis is to seek the elements of compatibility of Islamic principles and practice under democratic governance. This comparison is then mirrored and reflected against the...
Topics: Islam, Democracy, Islam in Malaysia, islam in Indonesia
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abel, Gary R.
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Sonoluminescence is the synchronous emissions of pulses of light that are observed to originate from a gas bubble trapped at the pressure antinode of a resonant sound field in a liquid. The duration of the pulse has been directly measured by launching the light through an optical fiber into a streak camera equipped with a linear array CCD detector. Questions regarding dispersion in the fiber and the fundamental limitations imposed by it are addressed. The resulting direct measurements show that...
Topic: Sonoluminescence
Naval Postgraduate School
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Asymmetric threats pose increasing challenges to combatant commanders in Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) Operations. Threats once confined to littoral waters now extend out to the green water theater. Many NATO countries operate their post Falkland war built frigates in these missions, in which lightly armed small, agile and fast craft are often encountered. This study uses freely available real-world data to build a simulation using an agent-based modeling platform...
Topic: Asymmetric warfare
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abel, Vicki Sue; Monti, Medio
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Two issues gaining interest in the computer community are the development of software testing tools and the increase of graphical user interfaces in all types of software. VIEWER is a program that provides support to a set of tools that work in an integrated fashion to analyze Pascal programs to determine the failure regions associated with identified faults in the program. It is a graphical user interface that facilitates the process of analyzing the program. It provides automated coordination...
Topics: Computer programming, Software, Computer-assisted instruction., Failure Regions, User Interfaces,...
The Surface Combat Systems Center (SCSC), Wallops Island, Virginia is a combination of personnel, geography, airspace, and technology located on a barrier island off Virginia's Eastern Shore. First opened in 1985 as a US Navy, AEGIS Land-Based Test Site (LBTS), SCSC has grown to include the Ship Self Defense (SSD), and DD(X) combat system facilities to the site. SCSC is chartered to support computer program development, life cycle and in-service engineering, team training, and research,...
Topics: Proving grounds, Virginia, Wallops Island, Systems engineering, Computer programs, Guided missile...
Situational awareness is one of the most important aspects to a commander in any type of mission, be it humanitarian relief, disaster recovery, or armed conflict. Through the past several decades, with the use of technology, we have been able to develop systems that help improve the commanders situational awareness of the mission. One of the major problems with this has been that every organization uses different technology to communicate, which causes interoperability issues and a lack of a...
Topics: Android Programming, Common Operating Picture, Situational Awareness
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abellana, James E.
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Organizations have many challenges with respect to managing and allocating office space. In addition to fiscal constraints on space and resources, organizations may face competing mission priorities and changes in mission requirements. Through the application of the systems engineering method, this thesis develops a multicriteria decision-making framework applicable to space allocation decisions for organizations with competing objectives and finite resources. The methodology is employed first...
Topics: systems engineering, multicriteria decision-making
The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate Armenian foreign policy toward the two major regional players-the United States and Russia. What are the United States' and Russia's security, economic, political and human rights interests in the South Caucasus? What are the regional security interdependencies and how are they influenced by these powers? What are the major determinants of Armenia's foreign policy? In its pursuit of national interests, what should be Armenia's foreign policy toward...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abercrombie, Erick; Fullbright, Patrick; Long, Seth
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The primary mission of the Marine Corps' Supply Management Unit (SMU) is to act as the intermediate supply activity by providing requisitioning support between the wholesale and consumer levels of supply within the established Marine Corps supply chain. The SMU stockpiles supplies close to the warfighter in order to decrease requisitioning cycle time and, in essence, has become a natural bottleneck between the wholesale and consumer levels of supply. The speed at which the SMU can effectively...
Topics: contracting, continuous process improvement, and logistics support
This thesis utilizes principles of the systems engineering process discussed by Dennis Buede in â The Engineering Design of Systems: Models and Methods (2nd ed.)â (2009). The systems engineering process is used to create a functional architecture to analyze interagency coordination in support of counterterrorism efforts in the United States European Command area of operation. The resulting functional architecture serve as tools for policymakers as they determine the best ways to create a...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Remarkable technical advances in cell phones and smart phones have resulted in a worldwide marketplace permeated by mobile devices. These capabilities, in combination with increasing consumers demand to share information show the need for utilizing the mobile devices more efficiently. But, within a distributed network of mobile devices like TwiddleNet, the two most limiting resources are still battery power and bandwidth. By distributing only small sets of data that represent the actual...
Topics: Cache memory, Ad hoc networks (Computer networks), Distributed operating systems (Computers),...
Throughout American history, policymakers have struggled with the use of American military power. The Limited War argument holds that the use of force needs to remain an option to support American diplomacy. The Never Again argument, meanwhile, holds that the use of American military power should be undertaken only in the face of threats against vital national interests. The most influential Never Again argument has been the 1984 Weinberger Doctrine, later expanded to the Weinberger-Powell...
Topics: Military doctrine, United States, Military policy
The number of disconnected youth, those ages 16 to 24 who are not in school and are not employed, has reached significant levels in the United States and Western Europe. This trend is coupled with the fact that more and more foreign fighters are joining Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in Iraq and Syria. In particular, Western youth have been the target of radicalization by ISIS and other terrorist groups, and the appeal and lure of such groups seem unlikely to subside. A similar trend is...
Topics: youth disconnection, radicalization, Muslim youth, frustrated achievers, relative deprivation,...
The study of radiation effects to electronics circuits has been ongoing almost as long as there have been satellites and spacecraft in space. The response to radiation over the planned life of the space system is of great concern to system designers. Operational amplifiers are one of the most basic elements in all electronic systems. This research examines radiation effects of part of a Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) operational amplifier and is applicable to Complimentary MOS (CMOS)...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abramczyk, Krzysztof
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The thesis analyzes the Polish experiences in the 1990s of the stabilization 'shock therapy' implemented simultaneously with the set of system- transforming reforms. The primary research question was: is Poland on the right track to a market economy? The main thrust of the study is the critical evaluation of the efforts made by reformers of the Polish economy to lessen the gap between Poland and Western Europe. It presents the areas of success and failure, so that any reader could learn more...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Eventually there will exist virtual environments inhabited by millions, but as virtual environments grow in size and number of entities, many problems emerge. Because of these problems, increasing attention is being brought to the issue of filtering data that is not of interest to a given client. Such filtering is known as interest management. This dissertation outlines a Three Tiered approach to interest management. The first tier breaks the world into manageable pieces. The second tier uses...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Abresch, Richard James
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This thesis presents a method of controlling an autonomous vehicle's motion in a two dimensional environment. Its' purpose is to expand the functionality of a vehicle's motion by complementing a point to point path planning scheme with a path to path scheme. The method introduced in this paper will use the vehicle's position and the desired path to calculate the necessary curvature to effect movement onto the desired reference path. The reference path will be a simple planar curve, such as, a...
Topics: Operations research, Robots, Control systems, Mathematical models, Robots Software, Path planning,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The thesis surveys and develops spacecraft design techniques and tools involving the integration of collaborative/concurrent engineering (CE) for spacecraft design, specifically in the areas of spreadsheet and CAD/CAE software, for the NPS Spacecraft Design Center (SDC). The applicability of solid modeling to the spacecraft design process is also explored. A previous class design is modeled using a solid modeling tool and the results compared against the time and effort required for the...
This thesis will focus on field testing and evaluating the capabilities of a smartphone-based system and associated equipment for \"First Responder Networking.\" Further, we will identify information sharing requirements for supporting a medical triage tasking during mass casualty and humanitarian operations. These requirements will be implemented, tested and evaluated against the capabilities of the TwiddleNet system for passing/sharing of patient information and records, in the form...
Topics: Communication, Disasters
Naval Postgraduate School
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The main emphasis of this thesis is the examination of technology transfer from a theoretical perspective and comparison of this perspective with its application in the Republic of Indonesia. The elements of a transfer mechanism concept such as organization, project, documentation, distribution, linker, capacity, credibility,willingness and rewards are being used for the examination. The role of The Body of The Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) as the linker between the source of...
Topic: Technology transfer application
Naval Postgraduate School
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The need for fresh water, a most precious resource on Earth, is increasing as civilizations and technology evolve and populations increase. The feasibility and scalability of alternative water harvesting methods to ensure a continuous supply of water for the future becomes vital. Alternative methods of water harvesting were analyzed to determine the fundamental physics that provides scalability from one size unit to larger and smaller units. In terms of off-the-shelf water harvesting equipment,...
Topics: scaling, measures of effectiveness, systems engineering
The goal of this thesis is to analyze the effect of advanced education on the retention and promotion of Navy Surface Warfare Officers (SWO). Multivariate probit models are used to estimate the effects of education, accession sources, demographic variables, and prior service status on retention and promotion. The data set used in this study is obtained from the online Navy Econometric Modeling System (NEMS). It was constructed from annual snapshots of SWO officers in the Navy between 2000 and...
Topics: Education, Advanced Education, Retention, Promotion, Effect of Advanced Education, Probit,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Acantilado, Christopher P.; Acantilado, Neil John P.
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Fault-injection techniques can be used to methodically assess the degree of fault tolerance afforded by a system. In this thesis, we introduce a Java-based, semi-automatic fault-injection test harness, called Software Fault Injection Mechanized Prototype Lightweight Engine (SIMPLE). SIMPLE employs a state-based fault injection approach designed to validate test suites. It also can assist developers to assess the properties of a system such as robustness, reliability, and performance. SIMPLE...
Topics: Computer software, Evaluation, Software Fault Injection, Fault Tolerance, Software Testing,...
In this thesis I examine the theory of Valued Information at the Right Time (VIRT) and the benefits its implementation can provide to the Navy's best example of accurate information-sharing, the Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC). The primary premise of VIRT is that only information which has some value to the user and could impact mission accomplishment should be allowed to flow from a source to the user. If information has little or no value to the individual it is destined for, it must...
Topics: Real-time data processing, Tactics, Data processing, Information technology, Methodology
It would be a fair argument to say that there is perhaps no invention that has had as much impact on the world as that of the Internet. The internet, however, was conceived in the minds of government employees. Just as Government influenced the development of the internet, the same can be said of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology. The DoD had a very large impact on the development of RFID. Many DoD funded projects and experiments helped pave the way for and significantly...
Topics: Radio Frequency Identification, container tracking, logistics, minefield detection, savi, RFID,...
This research will explore the relevance of the human being as an element in an information system. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence technology, especially information technology, has had on the way human beings understand and use information systems. This study will look at the use of forward air controllers and close air support in the European Theater of Operations during WWII and evaluate the technology, the doctrine and the people involved as they related to the...
Topic: Communication
The buckling load of a blade stiffened laminated composite plate having midplane symmetry is maximized for a given total weight. The thickness of the layers and the width and height of the stiffener are taken as the design variables. Buckling analysis is carried out using a finite element method. The optimization problem is solved using commercially available optimization packages. Due to the highly nonlinear nature of the optimality equations, several local optimum solutions are found. To...
Topics: Buckling (Mechanics), Design., Design optimization, blade stiffened plate, buckling
The 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review emphasized the importance of the Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) mission in rebalancing the Asia-Pacific region. The coupling of the U.S. pivot to the Pacific and the frequency of natural disasters in the vicinity of Sumatra, Indonesia, focused this research project on the disaster response capabilities of the Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut [TNI AL]) and theUnited States Marine Corps–Marine Expeditionary Unit (USMC...
Topics: humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, disaster preparedness, capabilities and competencies,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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During its 1998 deployment the USS INDEPENDENCE (CV 62) and Carrier Air Wing Five operated under the control of Commander, Task Force 50 (CTF-5O). To balance resources and readiness, CTF-50 asked the following question: \"How many days can the USS INDEPENDENCE go without \"off ship\" logistics support before the number of Mission Capable aircraft can be expected to fall below Chief of Naval Operations readiness goals?\" This thesis develops a Markov chain model to answer...
Topic: NA
Naval Postgraduate School
by Ackerman, James S.
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This thesis focuses on evaluating the measurement errors in the gimbal system of the SUAV autonomous aircraft developed at NPS. These measurements are used by the vision based target position estimation system developed at NPS. Analysis of the errors inherent in these measurements will help direct future investment in better sensors to improve the estimation system's performance.
Topics: Mechanical engineering, Situational awareness
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines the proliferation of advanced air defense weapons in certain Third World regions and the implications these transfers may have on United States Naval forces operating in and around these waters. It assesses the extent of proliferation, and examines the capability of selected nations in regions where the U.S. Navy operates on a regular basis. It also examines motives and trends behind the import and export of air defense weapons and the implications proliferation will have...
Topics: Threats, Strategy, Air defense weapons, Third World, national interest
Naval Postgraduate School
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This project investigates the viability of performing United States Air Forces Central (USAFCENT) government purchase card (GPC) purchases by utilizing reachback services. The study analyzed FY 2011 data to include the number of deployed contingency contracting officers (CCOs), GPC actions, and total contract actions at each Expeditionary Contracting Squadron. Using this data, models were developed that showed potential reductions in deployed CCOs if GPC actions were sent from USAFCENT area of...
Topics: Government purchase cards., Reachback, GPC, USAFCENT, Contingency, Contracting, Expeditionary, Reach
Naval Postgraduate School
by Ackman, Kerri L.
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The purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the development of the next generation of spacecraft attitude control systems by designing and building a prototype open-architecture control moment gyroscope (CMG). The focus is on the CMG mechanism, with emphasis on the momentum wheel assembly. An open-architecture system enables customizable software configuration and allows for future system upgrades, component swapping and integration with other systems. This technical objective was approached...
Topics: CMG, Control Moment Gyroscope, Control Moment Gyro, gimbal, momentum wheel, momentum wheel assembly
Naval Postgraduate School
by Acord, Christian G.; Murphy, Corey C.
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Mobile devices are fast becoming ubiquitous in todays society. New devices are constantly being released with unique combinations of hardware and software, or platforms. In order to support the ever-increasing number of platforms, developers must embrace some method of cross-platform development in which the design and implementation of applications for different platforms may be streamlined. This thesis compares and contrasts two platforms, iOS and Android smartphones, and discusses how one...
Topics: Mobile development, Cross-platform development, Android development, iPhone development
Colombia has tolerated for almost fifty years the oldest guerrilla movements in the region, but at the same Colombia has tolerated for almost fifty years the oldest guerrilla movements in the region, but at the same puzzle is to establish which of the following variables; guerrilla violence, illicit drug trafficking, or the 1991 Constitution, have most affected economic stability in the last half of 1990s. The thesis will argue: (1) Guerrilla violence is the most important variable that impacts...
Topics: Colombia, Guerrilla, Drugs, 991-Constitution, Economy, Crisis, Damage, Recession
Naval Postgraduate School
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Information, while always a critical element of warfare, is quickly becoming decisive in present day conflicts. While the use of this information can take many forms, one area where the discussion of information's impact on conflict has been delinquent is in the art of deception. Hizballah and Israel serve as the perfect backdrop to examine the effects of deception in current conflicts. While Israel has always maintained a hard power advantage through its military might and prowess, Hizballah...
Topics: Lebanon War, 2006, Strategic aspects
Naval Postgraduate School
by Acosta, Elvis; Barta, Jordan; Beger-Mason, Joanna; Donovan, Harry; Eak, Matt; Finley, Dave; Galace, Llewelynn; Jones, Brian; Maurseth, Andrina; Metz, Lee; Painchaud, Lesley; Pepper, Josh; Suchit, Reshma; Tidwell, Rob; Yu, David; Zanella, Bob
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Across the U.S. Navy, each new ship class implements a new command and control (C2) system design, leading to separate design and development efforts, training pipelines, support requirements, and upgrade activities. This project serves as an initial step in determining whether the Navy can consolidate C2 systems by defining a common C2 system architecture and requirements that can be applied across all surface combatants for the Surface Warfare and Maritime Interception Operations missions....
Topics: Naval Vessels (Combatant), Computer Architecture, Systems Engineering, Command and Control Systems,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Acosta, Jacob; Medina, Jorge; Hoesly, Scot; Nguyen, Michael; Huseth, Scott; Patel, Jaykant; Krider, Steven; Rangi, Kamaljit; Lamb, Jeremy; Schoen, Tim; Martin, Calvin; Trinh, Khai; Willis, Ronald; Medina, Vince
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Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) systems, each originally designed to address a single warfighting function, have been assembled into an interdependent C4I System of Systems (SoS). The C4I SoS continues to evolve, without overarching capabilities-based performance requirements. Without requirements, there is no practical, repeatable, and objective process to assess changes to the SoS. This project applied a disciplined systems engineering process to design a...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The unique combination of thin air, freezing temperatures, and mountainous terrain that forms the high altitude environment has resisted advances in military technology for centuries. The emergence of precision warfare has altered the nature of warfare on most of the world's surface, yet has not significantly changed the conduct of ground combat at high altitude. The tactics that lead to victory on the high altitude battlefield have remained constant over time. This thesis examines the impact...
Topics: Mountain warfare, Military art and science
The United States (U.S.) has the best-trained and equipped military in the world; however; these factors do not necessarily equate to success in operations. Information is a vital component of warfare that facilitates success. Electronic warfare (EW) organizations in the U.S. military are tasked to control battlefield information flow throughout the range of military operations. Historically, the U.S. has effectively accomplished this mission; however, recent events reveal symptoms of a decline...
Topics: Electronics in military engineering, History, Military art and science, Automation, Information...
Naval Postgraduate School
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In 1968, the Foreign Military Sales Act was written with a primary objective of facilitating the common defense by entering into international arrangements with friendly nations. Shrinking defense budgets have shaped an industrial base that is dependent on foreign markets in order to survive. Both the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) provide detailed guidance for negotiating contracts with foreign countries and stipulate that...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Navy historically has not had an adequate means to remotely pressure-sweep for mines at reasonable speeds and cost, and this is still the case. The Navy has addressed such threats, but countermeasures are time consuming and considered to be very resource intensive. During this thesis two sets of data were collected in tow tank experiments using two different sizes of Bubble Squid apparatus. This thesis is a continuation of work already completed by Lieutenant Jeffery Murawski from...
Topics: Bubbles, Pressure, Measurement
The fiscal year 2012 budget resolution forced many agencies to significantly reduce their budget spending and adhere to stricter budgetary policies. The one agency that was hit the hardest was the Department of Defense; it was forced to reduce its budget by $10 trillion over a span of 10 years. With the ongoing War on Terror, the Department of Defense estimated in 2010 that the cost of maintaining a single soldier in a wartime environment grew exponentially to well over $1 million per soldier....
Topics: Autonomous operations, logistics and sustainment operations, air platforms
Expert Systems (ES) are characterized by containing the knowledge of a single human expert. Most ES today operate in a 'standalone' basis, providing expertise in a specific domain. However, managers making strategic decisions on complex topics require the coordination assessment and evaluation of knowledge from multiple human experts. Standalone knowledge bases should be loosely or tightly coupled together to form a network of coordinated Distributed Expert Systems (DES). To facilitate this, a...
Topics: Cybernetics, Computer programming., Distributed expert systems, knowledge bases, meta-expert system
IUID is a system that will be used by Department of Defense (DOD) to track identical objects separately by applying a unique identifying mark. This thesis explores Item Unique Identification (IUID) Basics written in 2010 the requirements for qualifying items and how items are marked with a data matrix either directly on the item or on a permanent machine-readable label attached to the item. Since the 2004 Congressional mandate for using IUID, the Army has struggled to meet the requirement and,...
Topics: IUID, Item Unique Identification
Naval Postgraduate School
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The objective of this thesis is to study the performance of the MPEG-4 video coding standard in the presence of highly erroneous media, such as a wireless channel. MPEG-4 treats video sequences as a collection of objects rather than a collection of frames. A Matlab encoder that conforms to this approach is built for compressing raw video signals at various compression rates. A two-state Markov channel was used to simulate a wireless channel that introduces errors in the video bitstream and a...
Topics: Digital video, MPEG (Video coding standard)
In this project, we surveyed private industry supply chain managers and contracting professionals from the Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center. The purpose was to ascertain knowledge and application of resource dependency and power-dependent relations theories within their respective organizations. A better understanding of the theories would allow organizations to position themselves strategically to secure supply bases for future requirements and to leverage strengths and minimize...
Topics: power asymmetry, resource-dependence, single-source, sole-source, acquisition strategy, business...
Cognitive radio presents a unique challenge to source localization in that the radio has the ability to adapt to the environment, thus rendering current localization techniques ineffective due to a shifting combination of spatial, frequency, and temporal parameters. For any localization scheme to be effective, it must be able to adapt over time as a cognitive radio adapts to its surroundings. In this thesis an extended semi range-based localization scheme is proposed to accomplish this task....
Topics: Wireless sensor networks., Cognitive Radio, Source Localization, Semi Range-Based Localization,...
E organizations currently do not provide for or permit any substantial degree of synergistic teaming, integration, or technology leveraging. As a result, technology development for each of the SR, DD(X), and FCS programs has failed to achieve schedule efficiency, cost effectiveness, and technical proficiency. To enable a successful development of these systems in particular and to prevent DoD system acquisition programs from failing to achieve the aforementioned parameters, a leveraged...
Topics: Cost effectiveness, Research and development contracts, Government
There is a need to understand cycles associated with software upgrades as they effect people, organizations and the software industry. This thesis intends to explore the moderating factors of these three distinct and disjointed cycles and propose courses of action towards mitigating various issues and problems inherent in the software upgrade process. This thesis will acknowledge that three related but disjointed cycles are common in many software upgrade ventures in today's organizations: a....
Topics: Software maintenance, Management, Software reengineering, Computer software industry, Social...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Adams, Brian J.; Hartner, Cameron C.
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This study was conducted in support of a Department of Defense (DOD) effort to improve cyber-security in relation to DOD installation control systems. Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) is developing programs to assist decision-making for the selection of cyber-security products for U.S. naval installations and infrastructure. We interviewed a sample of Naval Facilities Engineering Command employees utilizing the Value-Focused Thinking technique developed by Dr. Ralph Keeney in...
Topics: return on investment, ROI, value-focused thinking, VFT, cyber, Space and Naval Warfare Systems...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Adams, Charles E.
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The virtual reality research at the Naval Postgraduate School has produced a simulation environment called NPSNET. NPSNET demonstrates that a real-time, interactive three-dimensional simulation system for multiple networked participants is achievable using low-cost workstations. However, as NPSNET expands, limitations of the current testing methods have become apparent, particularly in the area of man-hours spent in detecting faults in the software. The problem addressed by this research was to...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) provides full range detection and classification of sea and air based targets through two-dimensional range-Doppler imaging. The Naval Postgraduate School has developed a custom integrated circuit that can simulate false ISAR images in order to fool enemy ISAR platforms. To validate specific hardware choices within this design, this thesis explores the effect on image quality of an overflow occurring within the final 16-bit summation adder of this...
Topics: Three-dimensional imaging, Image processing, Digital techniques, Imaging systems
Naval Postgraduate School
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Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is growing in popularity in the civilian and military communities due to its low cost and the management advantages it offers over traditional Public Switched Telephone Networks (PSTN) phone systems. Many military commands do not have the infrastructure or funding that is required to support the rapid expansion of multiple phone services at various locations throughout the world. VoIP offers a rapidly deployable alternative. A subjective study was designed to...
Topic: Internet telephony
Military intelligent ground vehicle systems (MIGVS) have a wide variation in computationally controlled behavior logic that involves the interaction of both cyber and physical components as well as more typical systems engineering modeling needs and constraints. Current system concept design methods do not sufficiently address either the variation in cyber behavior linked to mission effectiveness or the integrated dependencies and interaction between the cyber and physical components. In this...
Topics: model-based system architecture, agent, component object, cyber-physical systems, concept design,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Adams, David J.; Glass, Temijuiin H.
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This thesis describes qualitative and quantitive analyses of the tactical effects of differing levels of command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I). The RESA wargame at the Naval Postgraduate School was utilized in an experiment with 24 United States Naval Officers. The thesis begins with an introduction of the importance of C4I and then discusses several aspects of wargames. The experimental plan (with corresponding appendices) covers all aspects of the actual...
Topic: NA
Naval Postgraduate School
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The United States Navy is seeking substantial cost savings in the operation of its aircraft carrier fleet, including the costs of port visits. This thesis analyzes data on aircraft carrier port visits from fiscal years 2002 through 2007 to develop statistical models for characterizing and predicting port-visit costs. The models account for explanatory factors that include the ship and port, whether the ship is moored pier side or at anchor, length of the port visit, and the arrival date. A...
Topics: Aircraft carriers, United States, Cost of operation, Statistics, Mooring of ships
This thesis explores numerical methods to provide real-time control inputs to achieve an optimal trajectory which minimizes the time required for a Helicopter Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (HUAV) to reorient to a given target. A library of optimal trajectories is populated using a pseudospectral computational algorithm applied to the mathematical model developed by the National University of Singapore and Singapore Department of Defense to simulate flight characteristics for their HeLion small scale...
Topics: Nonlinear Model, State and Control Variables, Cost Function, Trajectory Optimization, Target...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis argues the obvious, but still widely neglected point that for successful state building to occur in the post-Cold War era, nationalism remains a necessary but not sufficient condition for the emergence of a stable modern nation-state. Nationalism is both the key to state building and the central element in any explanation of the limitations of the modern nation-state and the system of sovereign nation-states in the early 21st century. Without a genuinely unifying nationalism and a...
Topics: Nationalism, Political science, Nation-state
Naval Postgraduate School
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Text-based chat systems are widely used within the Department of Defense, but the standard systems available do not provide robust capabilities for search, information retrieval, or information assurance. The objective of this research is to explore methods for the extraction of conversation threads from text-based chat systems in order to enable such tasks. As part of the research, we manually annotated over 20,000 Internet Relay Chat posts with conversation thread information and constructed...
Topics: Linguistic String Parser (Computer grammar), Automatic speech recognition, Text messages (Telephone...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Over the past 52 years, the world has progressed from the first man in space, to landing on the moon, to permanent human presence on manned space stations. Mankind is now poised to explore even farther. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze whether international cooperation or competition is more in the U.S. interest from the perspective of political, technological, and cost-effectiveness criteria for returning humans to the moon, Mars or an asteroid and establishing a permanent presence....
Topics: Human Spaceflight, International Cooperation, Competition, 1960s Space Race, USSR, International...
Naval Postgraduate School
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On March 23, 1983, then-President Ronald Reagan challenged a group of engineers and scientists to make nuclear weapons impotent and obsolete. This challenge led to the beginning of a new era in space technology and strategic defense, thus creating the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), better known as Star Wars. By 1984, several studies had begun to show that software in conjunction with Battle Management/Command, Control, and Communications techniques would play a major role in determining...
Topics: Strategic Defense Initiative, Computer programs, Strategic defense initiative (SDI), Reliability,...
This research effort focused on the program management issues of the U.S. Marine Corps' Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) Program. The research answered the primary question of what were the critical program management decisions during the early phases of the program and how would an analysis of these decisions affect the future of the AAAV program. Interviews were conducted with key personnel from the AAAV office and General Dynamics Land Systems. Additionally, program documents and...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Thirteen years ago, Spain held its first democratic elections since 1936. Prior to those elections, held in June 1977, Spain spent almost forty years under the dictatorship of Generalissimo Francisco Franco, who established an authoritarian regime in Spain following the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Upon Franco's death in November 1975, Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon was crowned as King of Spain in accordance with Franco's 1957 announcement that the monarchy (abolished in 1931) would be restored...
Topics: Terrorism, Spain, separatist movements, ETA, Basque, NATO, New Europe, Gilbraltar, Ceuta, Melila,...
The barrel life of a solid armature rail gun is a critical issue. Arcing along the barrel pathway at the interfaces between the armature and the rails produces severe damage. The ability to protect the rails and yet provide sufficient electrical contact to sustain arc-free high-current flow is desirable. This thesis investigates the use of liquid metal as an interface material between the sliding electrical contact surfaces of the armature and the barrel rails. Experiments were conducted with...
Topic: Rail gun
Since 9/11, many local police agencies have been chipping away at important community policing programs in order to meet new homeland security responsibilities. With this in mind, the current study set out to answer the question: Do newly acquired homeland security responsibilities require police agencies to reduce or eliminate community policing programs, or can homeland security mandates be effectively integrated into an agency’s already established community policing philosophy? In order...
Topics: integrating, community oriented counterterrorism, community oriented homeland security, community...
The United States Navy owns four salvage ships and four towing ships that will reach the end of their 40-year life expectancy in 2019. The program manager for these vessels has a set of desirable performance requirements for a new ship class, T-ARS(X), which combines the capabilities from both the salvage and towing ship classes. The need to develop a recapitalization strategy based on either designing a new ship class based on these desirable requirements or purchasing commercial capabilities...
Topics: Naval architecture, Costs, Salvage, Decision making, Tugboats
Naval Postgraduate School
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Consistently poor economic performance in Ghana and elsewhere in West Africa has led to pressure on governments from civil society, which has in turn led to authoritarianism and a search for compliance that has drawn the military into politics and finally into government. Military governments have performed equally poorly in economic management and governance and have relied on the civilians they had overthrown to govern. Likewise, civilian administrations have relied upon, and manipulated the...
Topics: Military government, Ghana, Civil-military relations
Naval Postgraduate School
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Currently the United States Navy is making a small footprint in the world's littoral regions with the help of the United States Marine Corps. In Iraq, the Marine Corps is actively conducting Riverine operations, however they are overly tasked and in need of permanent replacement by the United States Navy. In order to alleviate the Marine Corps, the Naval Expeditionary Combat Command with its Riverine Squadrons will soon take over these Riverine operational commitments in order to reestablish...
Topics: Riverine operations, United States, History
Naval Postgraduate School
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We model a project network that uses common methods of improvised explosives and metallic liner manufacture for the purposes of constructing anti-armor IEDs. Separately, we model a network utilizing advanced 3D printing technology for the same ends. We then introduce an interdiction extension to both project models. By utilizing decision critical path method models, we examine the differences in the critical paths of both project networks. Our finding of note is that the length of the network...
Topics: disruptive technology, critical path method, PERT, IED, optimization, defender-attacker
Naval Postgraduate School
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This is the fifth thesis of the Space Thermoacoustic Refrigerator (STAR) project which will be launched aboard the Space Shuttle in 1991 to demonstrate the potential of this technology for cooling satellite electronics and sensors. It describes the design, construction, and testing of the resonator portion of the refrigerator along with its integration with the existing driver and control electronics which were the subject of four previous theses. This resonator incorporates a helium diffusion...
Topics: Satellites, Helium., Space thermoacoustic refrigerator, NASA G-337 (Payload number, heat engine,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Europe in the twentieth century witnessed the large-scale displacement and mass murder of civilian populations because of their ethnic or national identity. Genocide is the ultimate expression of this form of integral nationalism. As a result of the Second World War, the term \"genocide\" was introduced to describe the victimization of nations, and became codified in international law and agreements. The end of the century saw the introduction of a new term: \"ethnic...
Topics: Nationalism, Europe, Jews, Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), Nazis, Genocide, Eugenics, Serbs,...
The Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the U.S. Marine Corps' premiere forward-deployed force that possesses the capability to provide self-sustainment for a minimum of 15 days. This thesis takes a close look at how the U.S. Marine Corps supports expeditionary deployments. Expeditionary logistics has long been a challenge within the Department of Defense. This study focuses on improving the level of organic support available to deployed units. More importantly, it examines the methodology used...
Topics: class IX block, simulation, readiness, Marine Expeditionary Unit, MEU, Bayesian statistics
Naval Postgraduate School
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Nepal’s age-old ethnic grievances created a platform for the Maoists to launch their political strategy into broad sections of Nepalese society. The explicit politicization of ethnic grievances helped propel the party to victory in Nepal’s first constitutional election in 2008. Soon thereafter, however, the Maoists lost the lead role in Nepalese politics, in no small part because they failed to deliver on their ethnic promises. This thesis examines the rise and fall of the Maoists in Nepal,...
Topics: Nepal, democratization, democratic consolidation, Shah rule, Rana rule, Monarchs, The Nepali...
This MBA Project applies economic principles to assess changes affecting the automobile insurance industry, Pay-as-You-Drive (PAYD) and Pay-at-the-Pump (PATP). These changes could affect DoD in the future. The Project also applies economic principles to Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) and the Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI) currently affecting DoD. Each program is explained; then selected economic principles are applied that may influence decision-making of major...
Topics: Privatization|zUnited States., Pay-as-you-drive, PAYD, Pay-at-the-pump, PATP, Basic Allowance for...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines tactical lessons learned from recent military operations other than war (MOOTW) for implications on leadership development for junior leaders in the United States Marine Corps. A doctrinal examination of MOOTW provides the context for the study. The research questions focus on unique leadership capabilities and competencies necessary for junior Marine Corps leaders in the MOOTW environment. The research involved analysis of recent tactical experiential lessons. These...
Topic: NA
The United States Marine Corps has identified a need to provide handheld devices to allow operators to conduct wireless command and control-related functions. To fulfill this need, the Marine Corps initiated a program that aims at providing secure cellular communication capabilities down to the individual Marine to address gaps in existing command and control systems. Common wireless communication technologies that are typical within the average enterprise entity, such as text, email, and file...
Topics: mobile device, mobile application, Marine Corps, Information Exchange Requirements, Marine...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Adler, John J.
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This thesis analyzes the accuracy of the 45 day forecasted F10.7 and Ap values given by the Air Force Space Forecast Center. These forecasts are generated daily to aid many agencies in their fields of endeavor. The U.S. Space Command uses the values in orbit prediction routines by way of atmospheric density models. This thesis shows that the F10.7 forecasts are accurate from one to seven days out, then deteriorate for the latter 38 days. Conversely, Ap forecasts are less accurate from one to...
Topics: Thermosphere, F10.7, Ap, Satellite re-entry, Orbit perturbations, Atmosphere density
Naval Postgraduate School
by Adolphson, Keith Victor
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This thesis is a historical analysis of the evolution of strategic planning in the United States during the years 1919-1941. It examines the interwar genesis of U.S. strategic culture, and focuses on three aspects: structure, process, and products. Army, Navy, and joint planning agencies, as well as their interrelationships, are analyzed. Within the military, the planning process was limited throughout the interwar years by a lack of national policy guidance. Moreover, the joint planning...
Topics: Military art and science, Military planning., U.S Strategic Planning, Joint Strategic Planning,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Adriansyah, Amrul; Suntoro, Edy
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This thesis offers guidance for hostage-rescue operations by the Indonesian Armed Forces Special Forces. It analyzes three hostage situation case studies: two involving theUnited States and one involving Indonesia. These case studies are analyzed using the principles of special operations applicable to a rescue operation. These principles, derived from the theory of special operations, are simplicity, security, repetition, surprise, speed, purpose, operators’ skills, and deception. Along with...
Topics: Operation Red and White, hostage rescue, rescue of Captain Phillips, the Sy Quest yacht hijacking,...
This study examines the attitudes and experiences of a selected group of U.S. military members regarding the service of women in combat. A survey was administered in October 2001 to enlisted personnel at the Defense Language Institute and to officers at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. A total of 276 enlisted personnel and 550 officers participated in the survey, with response rates of 69 percent and 55 percent, respectively. Focus groups were also convened. Respondents...
Naval Postgraduate School
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While war in the Arctic appears unlikely at present, this thesis analyzes why an escalation of territorial and resource disputes in the Arctic up to and including the use of force cannot and should not be ruled out. This thesis examines the political, economic, and military interests of the main Arctic powers: Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia, and the United States to set the scene for an assessment of the factors that could make for cooperation or conflict. Advocates of a Pax Arctica involving...
Topics: Arctic, Conflict, Economic Interdependence, International Institutionalism, Threat, Economic...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Affandy, Gabriel; Bridges, Donald; Daniels, Quinn; Janicek, Drew; Martin, Julia; Poling, Edward; Schmalz, Jordan; Allen, Charles; Brown, Scott; Dobrowolski, Valerie; Jeffries, Jessica; McGovern, Jonathan; Praschak, Megan; Soques, Christopher; Black, Jesse; Clark, John; Janer, Todd; Johnson, Jeffrey; Morris, Matthew; Rogers, Michael; Thomas, David
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This report investigates the feasibility and affordability of producing algae-derived biofuel in Hawaii for military aviation. The authors evaluated methods for cultivation of algae, investigated the processes necessary to locally refine bio-oil into bio-kerosene, researched the environmental impacts of cultivation and refinement facilities in Hawaii, and studied the resultant cost per gallon of bio-kerosene production. Based on the current state of technology and the proposed system of systems...
Topics: Biofuel, Algal Oil, Green Crude, Bio-kerosene, Hawaii, Energy Security, Naval Aviation Fuel
This thesis examines some failures of the current Indonesian counterinsurgency (COIN) strategy in the Indonesian government’s efforts to eliminate the separatist insurgency in Papua. In doing so, this thesis uses the McCormick Diamond COIN model to measure and determine the mistakes of the Indonesian approaches from 1965 to 2014. This thesis finds that the Indonesian COIN strategy has no balancing concept in applying its approaches toward the conflict. This thesis proposes alternative options...
Topics: insurgency, counterinsurgency, and strategy
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study contributes to the realization of a high assurance Multilevel Secure Local Area Network. The system consists of a Trusted Computing Base (TCB) that acts as a server base. Clients are COTS workstations and software, augmented with a hardware-based TCB Extension (TCBE). This work concentrates on object reuse control on the client, which is one of the security services to be provided by the TCBE. Object reuse mechanisms are designed to assure that sensitive information does not persist...
Topic: NA
The allocation of effort to quality assurance and testing is vitally important to the successful development and maintenance of a software system. There is no quantitative method for finding the right allocation policy. The most common methods include allocating fixed percentage of effort for all software projects or using allocations that have been used for similar projects in the past. The benefits of choosing the correct manpower allocation to suit a particular project can be substantial....
Topics: Artificial intelligence, Cybernetics, Software engineering., expert systems, project management,...
Naval Postgraduate School
by Agar, Christopher D.
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The Internet has become the medium of choice for communications between most Government and Military organizations. Unfortunately the key Internet protocols were not designed to provide security and their security vulnerabilities have become apparent. IPsec was developed to provide users with a range of security services, for both confidentiality and integrity, enabling them to securely pass information across networks. Automated security mechanisms are typically designed and/or calibrated to...